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Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy - Forrest Health
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    Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Topic Overview

    Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused by long-term heavy alcohol use. It is a type of dilated cardiomyopathy. The heart muscle is weakened and cannot pump blood efficiently. If your heart gets weaker, you may develop heart failure. Alcohol in excessive quantities has a directly toxic effect on heart muscle cells.

    Symptoms are the result of the weakened heart muscle. Symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, swelling, and cough. Muscular weakness may also be present because of the effect of alcohol on muscles (alcoholic myopathy).

    Treatment includes quitting drinking. Quitting drinking often results in improved heart function. Continued alcohol consumption, on the other hand, will continue to make alcoholic cardiomyopathy worse. Treatment includes medicines and lifestyle changes.

    Related Information

    References

    Other Works Consulted

    • Mestroni L, et al. (2011). Dilated cardiomyopathies. In V Fuster et al., eds., Hurst's the Heart, 13th ed., vol. 1, pp. 821–836. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Credits

    Current as of: April 9, 2019

    Author: Healthwise Staff
    Medical Review: Rakesh K. Pai MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
    Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine
    E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine
    Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
    George Philippides MD - Cardiology


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